Resource List | Joanna Penn, The Creative Penn Podcast

Joanna PennLibrarians love resources. We collect them, catalog them, add them to lists, and enthusiastically share them. I'm no exception and this week I want to share The Creative Penn Podcast by Joanna Penn.

Podcast episodes are posted every Monday and include interviews, inspiration and information on writing and creativity, publishing options, book marketing and creative entrepreneurship.

Why I Dig This Podcast

The Creative Penn is smart, funny, and brings in many other voices for interviews. Joanna Penn's timeline to indie fame covers the past decade of her progress. She shares lessons learned in her podcast. I appreciate her transparency and willingness to share information with the audience. Although she is the author of many successful books, the podcast doesn't feel like a sales pitch for her books. She is (to use one of my son's favorite new words)—genuine. Simply scrolling through the list of episodes, I want to go back and catch up on ones I've missed.

Don't Envy—Learn

I started thinking about indie publishing around the same time as Joanna Penn. I remember seeing her name in various places, but she wasn't someone that I followed. Big mistake. Back in 2009, I started to get serious about my writing career but I wasn't sure about the indie route. I started trying a few things and began publishing much more material in 2010.

I made every mistake possible on the indie publishing side. I like being a librarian (and my son was still a baby at the time), so giving up my day job wasn't going to happen. It'd be easy to look at Joanna's timeline and feel envious. I don't. I find it incredibly inspiring and helpful. I started this blog to share my journey because it hasn't gone the way I wanted and I'm in the process of restarting my writing career while continuing to work a day job. Many of the writers I talk to are in that same place, balancing writing with a career and family.

The Creative Penn podcast offers so much for writers, whatever your goals. I highly recommend it.

Five stars graphic

5 Reason Your Novel Doesn’t Matter—And Why That Is a Good Thing!


Fear is a serial killer. Creativity, productivity, confidence—fear kills them all. And writers often fear many things. Rejection tops many lists in its various guises. We might rework a story or novel because on a deep level we feel it is not good enough. We develop rituals to handle the fear even if we fail to recognize that the real problem is that we are afraid.

Realizing that your novel (or story) doesn't matter will set you free to create without limits!

5. Your Novel Is One In a Million (Literally)

Each year human beings publish more books than we can count. Year after year. It has been going on for a very long time. The average American reads 12 books in a year. No matter how many books you write it will never be more than a drop in a very big bucket. That's great! One more reason not to stress about your book. Move on to the next.

4. You Novel Is A Game With No Takebacks

You can't take back a Superbowl. Your team played the best they could in that particular game. They don't get to go back and say, “Wait! We want to redo that play. If we—.” Nope. Game over. They can use what they learned playing that game to try and do better in the next game, but that game is done. The same thing is true with your novel. It's done. Move on and write the next book. Keep repeating that and learning.

3. Your Novel Is Only As Good As What It Taught You

Whether your novel makes you a million dollars or ten dollars (or puts you in the hole)—it doesn't matter. Really. Yes, it matters whether or not you can pay the bills. Which is better?

  • Writing and rewriting a book over and over because you feel your financial future hangs on it?
  • Writing several books in the same time period and learning from each?

If you have several books out your chances of paying the bills increases. There's no guarantee but you can't be sure obsessing over making one book perfect is going to result in increased earnings either. Judge the success of your book by what it teaches you, not by how much money it earns (and you need to take the long view on that too).

2.  Your Novel Is Not Your Story

Your novel doesn't matter because it is only a communication tool. It isn't the story. Think about it. Your writing is a process of encoding marks on the page to tell a story. Do a good job and the reader gets the story you wanted to tell. They experience what you tell them to experience. If you screw it up it's like picking up a call with a bad connection. The reader can't hear you, hangs up, and goes on with their day. So the call didn't go through, so what? Try to make the call again. Or call someone else. If you write a manuscript that doesn't work—pitch it! It doesn't matter. Write it again.

1. You Novel Doesn't Determine Your Future

You wrote a book. Great. Good on you. Now write another. And another. Have fun with it! I often hear people say that you need to treat writing as a job. Okay, I get that, but it doesn't sound fun. Think back to games you played as a kid, at the stories that you made up while you played. Play when you write your novel. Sure, you'll learn from it. Kids learn as they play. Play and learning are inextricably linked. Go play! Have fun. Don't take it so seriously. Then do it again!

Catching the Eye of a Sci-Fi Reader

Alien eye

Who doesn't want to fall in love? Hopefully, you've had the experience of seeing that one perfect book cover that captures your gaze, pulling you into an intense and engaging experience. It entices you to pick it up. You run your fingers across the cover. Maybe you turn to read the sales copy or maybe you don't because the cover has captured you so completely.

Although today you might just look and then swipe right.

Online (Book) Dating for Sci-Fi Writers

In truth, most book sales, whether print or e-books, take place online. We're not picking up the book with the cover that catches our eyes. We're looking at the book's online profile. We read the sales copy. If other people have picked up this book, we might read what they say. If we like what we see, we buy the book. Often that means in e-book formats, though it can be print.

If we enjoy the book we might go back to that author for a second date. A third. Maybe, if it's a great match we'll give every book by that author a chance. It all starts with that first look that catches the eye.

As writers, we know the importance of making a good first impression with our book covers. I'm working on improving my covers right now, as a part of the reboot project.

Studying the Bestselling Covers Using Amazon Lists

I tend to picture book covers from decades ago when I think about science fiction book covers. The covers that I grew up seeing in bookstores in mass market paperback formats. I also love old pulp covers.

Design has changed since then. Covers need to work as thumbnail images. Most book sales take place online.

Category Covers

Sample Covers Selected by Amazon for Categories

Looking at Amazon's categories, they've selected a number of titles to represent each category. Although some of the titles appear to fit the categories, others seem odd to me. I wouldn't call Ursula K. Le Guin's Hainish novels cyberpunk, for instance. Ready Player One might be a better fit. Artemis works for Hard Science Fiction.

The sidebar lists a much longer list of categories. You can also just scroll down to the list. Ready Player One sits at the top with over 15,000 reviews (at this point).

Looking For a Match

Pick a category that seems to match your novel. I'm going with the Genetic Engineering category first for my novel Dark Matters. Here are a few of the titles at the top of that list:

These show a variety of styles. Most without a complicated scene, except for Genome. My Moreau Society series centers around detective Brock Marsden. He incorporates alien DNA into his own using Galactic technology. This gives him unique abilities. It takes place on a world with many different species of aliens, as well as standard humans. Other categories might be Colonization or Adventure.

In the Colonization category we find these sorts of covers:

The covers differ in some ways from the previous category. Persepolis Rising is the only one with a complicated cover painting more in the style of older science fiction. Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles has that ‘classic' look to it. Most use simple shapes that translate easily to thumbnails.

Turning to the Adventure category we find:

Familiar names on this list! Bradbury's cover hits the same red, black and white theme. Brown's covers are easily recognizable as part of the same series. Ready Player One sports the movie-branded cover. Philip K. Dick's cover resembles the Brave New World cover.

Let's compare these to titles from the Mystery category:

Author names are much larger on these books than the science fiction titles, although you see a bit of that with Atwood and Corey. Other colors show up in these covers. I could see incorporating some of the mystery elements into a design that is more clearly science fiction.

What Are Your Favorites?

Let me know in the comments which cover designs and elements you like. What should I focus on for my new covers? I need to come up with new covers for all of my reboot titles. Right now I'm focusing on science fiction. I'll do some more posts as I get further along in the process.


Don’t Talk to Me About Ideas


Where do you get your ideas for stories? Do they come in the mail along with other assorted junk destined for landfills? Or maybe the muse's breath tickles the fine hairs on your neck with whispered inspiration? I've heard that some ideas are inhaled on the misty vapors of a hot shower. A man I knew in New York swore that he got his best ideas while eating big, crisp, dill pickles as long as his hand.

Don't Go Hunting for Ideas—Target Characters Instead

Ideas don't matter. An idea isn't a story. Here's an idea:

An asteroid hits the Earth.

It's happened before and it will happen again. Arthur C. Clarke used it in the opening of his classic book Rendezvous With Rama. Other writers have created numerous other tales about impact events in books and movies. It's an old, well-used idea. Does that mean you can't use it? Of course not!

Just decide who you want to write about because it's their story that matters.

Compare Seeking a Friend for the End of the World with Armageddon. Very different takes on the idea because the characters are different! The story emerges from the character.

Pick on Your Characters—It's Your Job

Characters exist somewhere, in a place. And they exist in some sort of situation. They have a life that exists before the first page of your story. That situation or problem may not (probably isn't) the main problem of the story. It could be related. Unfortunately for your character, things are about to get much worse. Almost as if there is someone deliberately making things hard for them. Oh, wait, there is! We don't read stories about characters where everything goes terrifically well all the time for the character. Things get worse for the character. They try to solve one problem and fail. That ‘try-fail' cycle repeats. Each time they do their best but things keep getting worse until they either succeed or fail for the last time.

Damon Knight describes the Quadrangle: Character, Setting, Situation, and Emotion in his book Creating Short Fiction: The Classic Guide to Writing Short Fiction.

Story Quadrangle described by Damon Knight

I like this visualization of the concept. It neatly captures the character, situation, setting and adds an important factor—emotion into the mix. He explores each of these factors (and much more) in his book. It's well worth reading!

Where do you get your ideas?

What do you turn to for ideas? Do you agree that ideas don't matter? Let me know in the comments!

5 Ways to Draw Readers Into Your Story or Novel

Apple drizzled with honey

“The air in the shop smelled of talcum, resin, and tissue, with a faint, almost indefinable undertone of pine and acid-free paper.” (“There is No Place for Sorrow in the Kingdom of the Cold” by Seanan McGuire)


Sensory details draw readers into your story or novel. Evoking one's sense of smell is one of the most potent ways to do this. Scents tie us to our memories and create a powerful sense of place. An opening of a story should draw the reader in and anchor them in the story. Scents can also substitute for taste, think of the smell of sugar when someone opens a box of fresh donuts. Or the way overripe apples smell almost like cider late in the season as they drop from the trees to rot among the grass.

“Humans called it the Medusa. Its long twisted ribbons of gas strayed across fifty parsecs, glowing blue, yellow, and carmine. Its central core was a ghoulish green flecked with watery black.” (“Hardfought” by Greg Bear)


As surprising as it might be, sometimes we forget to include sight in our story. Our characters appear, converse, and interact without any word of where they are located. Sensory details emerge through the character. All of the senses, including sight, are interpreted by the character. Your characters will notice different things about the setting and have different opinions about it. In the “Hardfought” opening, Bear shows the characters opinion even before naming the character by describing the nebula as “ghoulish green” and “watery black.” In the next paragraph, introducing the character Prufrax describes the nebula further as “malevolent” and goes on revealing character details. This not only draws the reader into the story, it also reveals character details.

“Rinna Sen paced backstage, tucking her mittened hands deep into the pockets of her parka. The sound of instruments squawking to life cut through the curtains screening the front of the theater: the sharp cry of a piccolo, the heavy thump of tympani, the whisper and saw of forty violins warming up.” (“Ice in D Minor” by Anthea Sharp)


Sounds convey so much of the character's experience to the reader and provide another powerful way to anchor the reader in the story. In Anthea Sharp's story, the contrast in the first line with the second is interesting and tells us something is different about this scene. The sounds of the orchestra immediately provide a sense of place and tell us the character's view of the instruments. It also reveals that the character knows each of the instruments.

Often sound is coupled with other senses. Or the absence of sound can reveal details about the setting and the character. As with the other senses, it all flows from the character. To one character the buzzing of the fluorescent lights in the office ceiling, the flickering of a dying bulb, might drive them batty. The other person in the office doesn't notice the buzzing of the lights but does notice how the person sharing the office is always snacking on M&Ms, making smacking noises that drive them crazy.

“When he was very young, he waved his arms, gnashed the teeth of his massive jaws, and tromped around the house so that the dishes trembled in the china cabinet.” (“Dinosaur” by Bruce Holland Rogers)


Touch adds an additional sense of being physically present in the setting. It gives the character solidity. The character lives in the environment—they aren't a disembodied bundle of cameras, microphones, and other sensors. Touch links us to the character and setting. It's also overlooked. It might seem unlikely, how do you miss a sense of touch? Suppose that you write, ‘John picked out an apple from the basket'. There are no specific details in that description. It isn't filtered through the character's sense of touch, or opinions. ‘John plucked an apple from the basket, the skin giving beneath the gentle pressure of his fingers to reveal the worm-blasted rot inside.' Or, ‘John selected an apple from the basket and relished the crisp firmness ripe with juicy potential.' Two different experiences, sensations, and opinions of the apple.

“Cat waited for a moment as she stepped into the bakery, the bell dangling from the door announcing her arrival. Trays of baked goods surrounded her. Silver trays with goodies packed to the edge—baklava, chocolate sponge cake layers held by ganache and lemon cupcakes with cream cheese frosting, the lemon filling betrayed by the dollop of neon-yellow filling on the center right on top.” (“True Calling” by Irette Y. Patterson)


Patterson's opening evokes several senses. It also evokes a sense of taste simply from the description of the baked goods. The character pays attention to the pastries. She knows what they are and there's a sense of relish as she takes it in. Although the scents aren't explicitly mentioned, the description evokes the scents of sugar and lemon. Some words have a strong association with scents and taste. The two often go together. In this case, it's enough to make the mouth water. As the opening continues, the sense of taste is further utilized to ground the reader and develop the character.

Taste is one of the senses—like a sense smell—that has strong associations with memory. We associate tastes with events and times in our life. A character's sense of taste can also link them back to memories and gives the character a feeling of reality outside of the page. They came from somewhere. They didn't just start on the page.

Evoking All Five Senses Every 500 Words

Author Dean Wesley Smith recommends hitting all five senses quickly in each opening, whether the start of a story or a scene opening and again every 500 words. It grounds the reader and keeps them in the story. This is an area of craft that I plan to practice as I write my weekly stories. I also plan to go back to familiar stories and look at how the author used the senses in their stories.

Who Does This Very Well?

What writer, story, or book engaged your senses? Share your thoughts in the comments below.


Stranger Than Fiction: Learning Story Through Practice


I like the movie Stranger Than Fiction. I've watched it many times. It's fun, even though it shows an image of a writer as an eccentric, chain-smoking, and depressed person subject to the demands of a publisher, working in a spacious suite with marble floors. A literary author. It's an odd view of a writer, but one that reflects many of the stereotypes around writers.

“Sitting in the rain won't write books.”

Despite this, I really enjoy the characters in this story. Harold pulls me into the story. That's something that I want to do in my own work.

Learning From Story

What do you do when you enjoy a story, be it a movie or a book? Do you ask why? What did the story's writer do to pull you into the story? How did they do it? Especially when you come back to a story more than once.

We pick up story everywhere. Our whole lives we here, read, and watch stories. Our subconscious picks up on story. It filters through and comes out when we write. With focused attention, we can study works we enjoy to pick up techniques. Dean Wesley Smith covers this in his lectures on Practice.

My Plan

In coming at this reboot of my writing career, learning is key. I've spent many years writing and I continue to learn. After finishing my MLIS degree I realize that I need to focus much more on learning my craft as a fiction writer. I always want to get better. I want my writing to improve. This year is a year of reflection, planning, and rebirth.

I'm looking forward to it.

I'm writing a story each week and I plan to practice as I write those stories. So far I'm hitting each week this year (I started back in December). I create a card on my Trello board for each story which includes the deadline, target word count, and I've added a field for the technique I plan to practice.

Trello card with custom fields

This gives me an easy reminder each time I look at the card. I've added the word count and the topic using the custom fields power-up. I'll update the word count when I finish the story. And a title. When I finish the story, it goes out to a market following Heinlein's Business Rules.

How Do You Practice Writing?

What about you? What do you do to learn and improve your craft? Are there resources you recommend? Techniques that work for you?


Don’t Use Your Computer For Your Writing

Laptop with Scrivener

This tip comes from Dean Wesley Smith, as part of his Tip of the Week series.

Use a different computer for your writing, and only for your writing.

I've heard Dean and Kris say this many times over the years in different ways and I finally listened when I watched that tip. Go subscribe and get weekly tips from professionals. That isn't an affiliate link, just a great deal. I highly recommend listening to professionals further along the path you want to follow and their lectures and courses are worth your time.

The basic idea here is that you set up a computer that has nothing except your writing on it. No internet. No email. No games. Nothing. Back up your manuscripts on a USB drive and use that to transfer the files to your connected computer where you do everything else. Keep your writing computer strictly for writing. It will help your gray matter. When you sit down at that computer you know the only thing that you will do is write.

Setting Up the Scrivener Laptop

Laptop with Scrivener I like being mobile. I want to write on breaks at work. I want to write in different places. The trouble is that I have used both my desktop and my Chromebook for writing and everything else. The temptation is always there to check social media, email, read, watch shows, and everything else. I'm writing this blog post on my desktop.

I am rebooting my writing career this year. I'm focusing on learning and creating as much as I can manage. Dean's points make sense. When I finished listening to the tip I decided that this was something that I could implement to help me move my career forward.

What did I do? I bought a small, inexpensive Dell Inspiron i3162 Bali Blue laptop for $183. This is not a high-powered machine. It's a small 11″ Windows 10 device as cheap as my Chromebook. I only need it to run Scrivener. The laptop arrived yesterday.

After the initial setup, I removed all unnecessary programs that came preinstalled:

  • Office 365 (I'll be using Scrivener).
  • McAffee Security (Windows Defender works great, is free, and I won't be connected).
  • Games.
  • Miscellaneous Dell software cluttering things up.

Then I went to the start menu, right-clicked each tile and unpinned everything. I resized it to just the menu width. I don't need a bunch of tiles. I did install Scapple along with Scrivener and pinned both to the taskbar. I set the taskbar to autohide since I don't plan on using it either. I navigated in the Windows file explorer to Users > [User Name] >AppData > Roaming > Microsoft > Windows > Start Menu > Programs > Startup and added a shortcut to Scrivener. Now Scrivener launches automatically when the laptop boots up.

Wifi is turned off.

That's it!

Now I have a machine that just runs Scrivener. I plan to use it for my fiction writing. If I want to go online, I'll use my desktop, Chromebook, or phone. No lack of options there!

I have a USB drive I can use to backup and transfer files.

What do you use to get into that writing headspace? What do you think of having a dedicated device just for your writing?


Why you should let your computer read your novel


Self-editing a novel or story presents challenges for many writers. It is very easy to read past mistakes, especially when you are very familiar with your work. Listening to your work read aloud can help.

Why You Shouldn't Read Your Novel Aloud Yourself

You could read your novel or story aloud yourself to try and catch errors. It can help, but I don't recommend it. There are a couple issues with reading aloud yourself.

  1. Your familiarity with the story can still lead you to read past errors.
  2. When you focus on reading the text out loud your attention is split. You're trying read the words and also looking for mistakes. If you're looking for small errors like typos you might miss larger issues such as whether the sentence or paragraph makes sense. Focusing on the story while you read can lead to missing mistakes.

You could also ask someone else to read your story to you. I don't recommend that either. It might be very annoying for your reader if you're having to stop them and ask questions. Plus they're also likely to skip errors, unconsciously make corrections, or focus too much on looking for mistakes.

Fortunately, there is an easier (free) option.

Let Your Computer Read Your Novel to You

Most modern computers, tablets, or phones have text-to-speech options. That is, the device can read selected text to you with a synthesized voice. This key feature for accessibility also turns out especially useful for writers looking to self-edit their work.

  1. The device reads the text, one word at a time, as it was written. A spell-check won't catch it if you used the wrong word. Grammar checkers, such as Grammarly can prove very useful to highlight text with potential issues. It's another useful tool for writers self-editing. That's still different than your device reading each word of the text.
  2. The voices available don't sound human. They don't add emotional inflection to the text as they read. This makes it much easier to hear what is actually written.
  3. Easier to focus your attention. Since you aren't having to read the text, you can focus exclusively on listening for problems.

Since it is likely already available, it's just a question of how to turn it on and use it.

Editing Along With Your Computer's Reading

So how do I use this for editing? I open a Word version of the document, select a section, and click the Read Aloud button. (Check out my notes below for steps to enable text-to-speech options on your device.) I follow along as the computer reads, making corrections as needed. The control bar allows you to pause/play, and change settings, such as voices and playback speed. Do keep in mind that the software may also mispronounce words, particularly those you've made up for your latest alien language!

This still takes focused attention. Take breaks if you think your attention is going to drift from really listening to what the computer is saying. Sometimes you'll find that your eyes scanning the manuscript have skipped right over an issue and the computer's reading will catch your attention. If you need to stop and come back later, just make a note of where you left off.

What Other Self-Editing Tips Do You Have?

Are there other things that you do when editing your manuscripts? Please share your thoughts in the comments below.

Read on for tips on getting text-to-speech set up on your device.

How to Get Your Windows 10 Computer to Read to You

Quick Access toolbar

You have a few different options to get your computer to read documents aloud.

  1. Read Aloud in Microsoft Word. Add it to the Quick Access toolbar at the top of Word, then just select the text you want it to read and click the button.
  2. The Narrator (press Windows logo key  + Ctrl + Enter to start) provides many accessibility options. To read your manuscript aloud, start Narrator and then press Capslock + M to have the computer begin reading it back. Press ESC when you want it to stop.

Commercial text-to-speech options include programs like Dragon's NaturallySpeaking, NaturalReader, or free programs such as Balabolka. If you want to save audio files you'll want to use software that can create the file. I haven't done that because I'm typically going through the manuscript making corrections as the computer reads. You might also be interested in other software if you want to use text-to-speech in many different applications, or you simply want better voices.

How to Get Your Chromebook to Read to You

Chromebooks have a built-in screen reader and a select-to-speak option. Once enabled in the advanced settings accessibility section, users can hold the search button, select text, and have it read aloud. Another option is using a web-based service such as NaturalReader's online version, where you upload or paste your document.

How to Get Your macOS to Read to You

As with other platforms, macOS offers text-to-speech options under System Preferences > Accessibility > Speech. After enabling the option, select text and use the option+esc key to have it read aloud. Apple users interested in a commercial program may want to look at GhostReader. As a PC user, I lack experience with the macOS. If you do use text-to-speech on an Apple device, please share your experiences in the comments.

How to Get Your Phone or Tablet to Read to You

Just like computers, phones also offer text-to-speech capabilities designed with accessibility in mind (whether that's implemented effectively is another question). On Android, go to Settings > Language & Input > Text to turn on the option. On iOS, Settings > General > Accessibility, Speak Selection.

Talking Back to Your Computer

These days many systems also come with dictation options that you can use to transcribe your words into text on the device. Windows 10 recently added dictation with the fall creators update. Google Drive has a voice typing feature. While Dragon NaturallySpeaking has been the professional tool to use, the widespread integration of these technologies will hopefully spur improvement and use.


Using a Kindle Paperwhite to Review Your Novel

Kindle notes

Have you written a novel? Or a story? When you've finished the writing, what happens next?

A Rest Period

I like a rest period. I might go ahead and write something else. I need a break. I've spent many hours working on the novel and now I need to get away from it. How long? It depends on my plans. I took a 4-year break from my current project!

Let me explain. I finished my novel Stowaway to Eternity on January 18th, 2014. I moved on to writing Past Dark, the 4th book in my Moreau Society series. I finished that book March 26th, 2014. I turned my attention to other stories, and then another novel…time sort of got away from me. Then I decided to go back to school for my MLIS degree and my writing took a backseat to my library career.

You don't need to wait years. I wouldn't recommend it. Include the break in your overall timeline for the project. If you're moving on to writing another book, be sure that your plan includes time to review the book you just finished! You need time to get the book ready for publication. Otherwise, it'll do what mine has been doing and sit in a virtual drawer!

Approach Your Book As a Reader

The rest period helps you approach your book as a reader. You want to read for enjoyment. Don't look for mistakes—move past those for this review. You're trying to get a sense of the book (or story) as a reader. Picture someone reading the book for the first time—and loving it! Cultivate a positive mindset.

Sending your book to a Kindle e-reader like the Paperwhite helps you achieve this because you are reading it in a format that your audience will use when reading the book. It makes it feel more real. The analog version of this approach would be getting a paperback print-on-demand copy to read rather than printing manuscript pages. It's quicker and easier to read on a Kindle.

Why a Kindle? Why not another e-reader? No reason. If you prefer to use another device, that's fine. The instructions assume a Kindle but you could use something else. Just make sure that it is a format that you use when reading for enjoyment. You want that mindset. If you don't read on an e-reader this probably isn't for you.

3 Ways to Transfer Your Book to the Kindle

  1. Send to Kindle desktop app. The Send to Kindle PC or Mac applications make it very easy to send documents to your Kindle device or app. After installing the software you can right-click (PC) or control-click (Mac) a document to send it to your Kindle. Alternatively, you can print documents to your Kindle or drag and drop files.
  2. Email to Kindle. Your Kindle comes with an email address you can use to send books to your device. The address only accepts emails from approved addresses, so you need to set that up with the email address you plan to use. Then attach your novel and send!
  3. Transfer via USB. Lack a wireless connection? Transfer your novel via a USB connection. Before you do, convert it to a .mobi format using Calibre or other tools.

I typically use the first option. It's simple and works well. A quick right-click, fill in the title and author and then click send. Easy!

I've also used the email option to email novels to my wife so she can do her own review of the book.

Reviewing Your Novel

Okay, you've transferred your book. Read for enjoyment. Read the book as you would any other. Suspend your critical voice. It will get its chance! Right now you want to read and appreciate what you've created. It may have been quite a while since you read parts of the book, depending on how long you took to write it. This is your chance to absorb the whole experience of the book as a reader.

After you finish the book (not while you read), sit down and write a review of the book. That's right, I want you to write a product review. It might only be a hundred words, shorter is better than going on too long. Imagine again that you are a reader who has finished the book. Maybe you're posting the review on Amazon, Goodreads, or your blog. Did you like it? Overall, how well did it work? How does your reader feel about the book? This is a gut check. Keep in mind that you may be more critical than a reader. Writers tend to be hard on their own work.

The Second Pass on the Kindle

After you've completed your first review, you can go back in and do a more critical read on the Kindle. This time, make use of the highlights and notes features. Press and drag to highlight passages with your finger. Tap the Notes option to add notes to the selection. I keep this short and to the point, capturing key details. Typos and minor corrections just get a highlight.

Amazon's notebook page ( provides access to notes and highlights in your books, but not your personal documents. I don't bother with exporting the notes or highlights.

Kindle with notes showing


  • Open my novel on the computer.
  • Go to the first highlight or note on the Kindle.
    • Tap on the menu dots in the upper right corner.
    • Tap on notes.
  • Search for the phrase on the computer to jump to that point.
  • Make whatever edit or correction is needed.
  • Go to the next note and repeat.

If you're interested in managing your notes, can help. The Chrome extension costs $1.99/month. Instead, I use the Kindle as an extra screen.

Here's what I do:

When I'm all done with that pass I delete the book from the Kindle. I don't need it any longer. This process could be repeated if you want by sending your book at any point to the Kindle to reread and review. Instead, I like to listen to my book. I'll cover that in my next post.

Editing Tips?

How do you approach editing your work? What works for you? Let me know in the comments!


Writing, Business or Hobby?

laptop showing stats

Are you an entrepreneur? Do you see your writing as a business? Or is it something else? Maybe a hobby. It's worth taking some time as you consider your goals to think about what you want to accomplish with your writing. It's up to you, there isn't one right way.

You Might Be An Entrepreneurial Writer, If:

  • You are passionate and motivated about your writing.
  • You seek constant improvement.
  • You want to make money from your writing.
  • You aren't afraid to take risks and try new things.
  • You find resources to help you tackle challenges.
  • You look for coaches or mentors further along the path you've chosen.
  • You thrive on hard work.
  • You follow changes in the publishing industry.
  • You enjoy networking.
  • You embrace marketing.
  • You plan to make writing your career.

It's okay if you struggle with some of these. In the past, I didn't embrace marketing. I didn't make any real effort to tell anyone about my books. I didn't see it as a way to connect with my potential audience. I'm constantly learning both my craft and the business of writing.

You Might Be a Hobby Writer, If:

  • You are passionate and motivated about your writing.
  • You seek constant improvement.
  • You aren't opposed to making money, but it's low on your priorities.
  • You aren't afraid to take risks and try new things.
  • You find resources to help you tackle challenges.
  • You look for coaches or mentors further along the path you've chosen.
  • You thrive on hard work.
  • You follow changes in the publishing industry.
  • You enjoy networking.
  • You look for opportunities to share your work.

We won't necessarily share all of these characteristics. Some writers might not enjoy networking. Or might have difficulty identifying coaches or mentors.

Not That Different, Are They?

Maybe you consider yourself an entrepreneur, in business, with a plan to make a living from your writing. Or you plan for your writing to provide a supplemental cash stream as a side hustle to your career. Maybe you don't think of your writing as a business. It's a form of self-expression. You write because you feel the desire or need to write and don't plan to make it your business.

It's a spectrum. Where do you fall?

Let me share a bit of my story. In middle school, I decided that I wanted to write and I planned to make a living at it. My grades turned around. My focus improved. I wrote my first novel. I wrote and submitted stories. I read Writer's Digest and tried as best I could to glean what it meant to be a professional writer. Undergraduate degree focused on writing and science, my first graduate degree, an M.A. from Seton Hill University, focused on writing popular fiction. By that time I had a supervisory position in the library.

If you'd asked, I'd have said that I was in business as a writer.

I sold a few stories. In 2009 I connected with professional writers on the Oregon Coast at a Master Class taught by Dean Wesley Smith and Kristine Kathryn Rusch. Two intense weeks that showed me how much I needed to learn. Finding coaches and mentors, as well as fellow writers, turned things around for me. I sold more stories and started self-publishing my work. I started to understand what it meant to be a professional writer, to be in business.

I still have much to learn. That's what this reboot is all about. Improving my craft. Improving my business skills. Taking that next step.

For most of my ‘writing career,' I've acted as if it was a hobby rather than a business. Nothing wrong with that, except I thought I was treating it as a business. At the same time, I've enjoyed a successful library career. I didn't need my writing career to pay the bills. I made decisions that I wouldn't have made if I were dependent on my writing to bring in income. Now that I'm aware of that, I can approach this reboot of my writing career with a clearer picture of my goals.

What About You?

How do you see your writing? Share in the comments!